Hiv prevalence sex workers cambodia
Further studies are needed to clarify HIV prevalence in general populations where HIV risk perception is low; quantify the risk for other bloodborne infections (e.g., hepatitis C) via unsafe injections; understand public demand for medical injections; and improve health care workers’ injection practices in the public and private sectors.
Measures to reduce both the demand for unnecessary medical injections and the provision of unsafe injections are needed.
Current national data are not available for comparison; however, population prevalence of anti-HCV and HBs Ag in the neighboring province of Siem Riep are estimated at 5.8% and 4.6%, respectively (1).
An investigation of the provincial blood transfusion center ruled out blood transfusion as a source of infection in this cluster.
Unsafe medical injection practices have been reported in Cambodia during the last decade.
The Roka Cluster Investigation Team initiated an investigation to confirm cases, identify risk factors, and recommend control strategies.
In December 2014, local health authorities in Battambang province in northwest Cambodia reported 30 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a rural commune (district subdivision) where only four cases had been reported during the preceding year.
The majority of cases occurred in residents of Roka commune.
Specimens were also tested for antibody to hepatitis C (anti-HCV) and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag).
A case-control study was undertaken to identify risk factors associated with HIV infection.